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Diagnostic Ultrasound Abdomen And Pelvis



A pelvic ultrasound is a noninvasive diagnostic exam that produces images that are used to assess organs and structures within the female pelvis. A pelvic ultrasound allows quick visualization of the female pelvic organs and structures including the uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes and ovaries.




Diagnostic Ultrasound Abdomen and Pelvis



There are several types of ultrasound tests. Each uses a probe designed to image specific areas of the body. An abdominal ultrasound shows organs and other soft tissues (such as blood vessels) inside your abdomen (belly).


Healthcare providers consider abdominal ultrasound a type of pelvic ultrasound because it evaluates tissues inside the pelvis (hip bones). Other types of pelvic ultrasound include transvaginal ultrasound and rectal ultrasound.


Abdominal ultrasound may also help pinpoint the cause of unexplained abdomen (stomach) pain. This test aids in the diagnosis of many routine problems (such as kidney stones) and more serious health concerns (such as blood clots).


From the book description: Develop a solid understanding of ultrasound of the abdomen and pelvis with this practical, point-of-care reference in the popular Diagnostic Ultrasound series. Written by leading experts in the field, the second edition of Diagnostic Ultrasound: Abdomen and Pelvis offers detailed, clinically oriented coverage of ultrasound imaging of this complex area and includes illustrated and written correlation between ultrasound findings and other modalities. The most comprehensive reference in its field, this image-rich resource helps you achieve an accurate ultrasound diagnosis for every patient.


From Amazon: Diagnostic Ultrasound: Abdomen and Pelvis combines anatomy, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis information specific to the abdomen and pelvis, presenting multiple vantage points to ensure clarity and full comprehension of each topic. This image-rich resource provides examples and insight into the full spectrum of imaging appearances observed in various entities to aid in decision support. With 23 new chapters and approximately 2,500 images, it is the most comprehensive, up-to-date reference on this rapidly changing imaging modality.


However, the findings described here for hepatitis and cirrhosis are relatively uncommon findings in the general population and have uncertain operator-dependent sensitivities and specificities. Any ultrasound exam of the liver must be accompanied by a thorough history and physical exam, and inconclusive findings must be bolstered by additional diagnostic modalities.


This procedure uses a thin, lighted tube through which a doctor can look at the ovaries and other pelvic organs and tissues in the area. The tube is inserted through a small incision (cut) in the lower abdomen and sends the images of the pelvis or abdomen to a video monitor. Laparoscopy provides a view of organs that can help plan surgery or other treatments and can help doctors confirm the stage (how far the tumor has spread) of the cancer. Also, doctors can manipulate small instruments through the laparoscopic incision(s) to perform biopsies.


In rare cases, a suspected ovarian cancer may be biopsied during a laparoscopy procedure or with a needle placed directly into the tumor through the skin of the abdomen. Usually the needle will be guided by either ultrasound or CT scan. This is only done if you cannot have surgery because of advanced cancer or some other serious medical condition, because there is concern that a biopsy could spread the cancer.


A pelvic ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to make pictures of the organs inside your pelvis. Your doctor might order this test to diagnose a condition, or to check the health of your baby while still in the womb.


A Doppler ultrasound is another type of ultrasound. It measures the speed and direction of blood as it flows through arteries and veins in your abdomen. Your doctor can use this test to look for narrowing or blockages in your blood vessels. You might hear a "whooshing" sound as a Doppler ultrasound is done.


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Your doctor has requested an abdominal ultrasound exam with Doppler. Ultrasound is a safe and painless procedure that uses sound waves to "see" inside your body. Doppler allows our specialists to evaluate the blood flow through the arteries and veins of your abdomen. The scan can help diagnose obstructions in the blood flow to your abdominal organs, as well as helping to detect conditions such as abdominal masses, gallbladder disease, and gallstones, as well as problems in the liver, kidneys, pancreas or spleen. At the S. Mark Taper Foundation Imaging Center we have an expert team of subspecialized physicians, nurses and technologists who are highly trained in ultrasound imaging.


You may need diagnostic ultrasound if you have symptoms in certain organs or tissues. These include the heart, kidneys, thyroid, gallbladder, and female reproductive system. You may also need ultrasound if you are getting a biopsy. The ultrasound helps your health care provider get a clear image of the area that is being tested.


The Diagnostic Medical Sonography Program prepares students for the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonography examination and for employment in a hospital or clinical setting. Students receive practical training in general sonography (or ultrasound) for use on superficial structures, the abdomen, and pelvis, and in obstetrics.


A transducer (a small, smooth, hand held device), which converts electrical energy from the ultrasound machine computer to sound waves, is placed on the abdomen and moved gently back and forth over the skin to show different parts of the body.


A clear gel is used to make the transducer contact closely with the skin and allow it to slide smoothly across the skin over the abdomen. The sound waves which are bounced back from the body to the transducer are converted back to electrical energy, which is then analysed by the ultrasound machine computer to make an image which can be seen on the video screen of the ultrasound machine.


An ultrasound study is a valuable diagnostic tool in assessing pain or other symptoms, as well as showing the size, shape and texture of many body parts that cannot be evaluated using conventional x-ray studies. This exam helps to detect organ problems, such as gallstones, kidney stones, or liver disease.


Areas frequently examined by ultrasound include the abdomen and pelvis. The heart (echocardiography) and various arteries and veins also can be studied using special techniques. Since there is no radiation involved, ultrasound is a safe test to examine pregnant women, evaluate fetal growth and determine due dates. In addition, Radiology Regional Center performs a non-surgical breast biopsy using ultrasound.


Diagnostic medical sonography utilizes sound waves to produce high definition images of the body to aid in the diagnosis of the patient. The specialties of sonography that are used in the diagnostic field include areas of the abdomen, pelvis, heart, and vascular system. A sonographer must have a thorough understanding and excellent knowledge of the organs and vasculature within the body. Competency and skill are required in order to attain the necessary images needed for each procedure being performed.


Abdominal ultrasound is a type of imaging test. It is used to look at organs in the abdomen, including the liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys. The blood vessels that lead to some of these organs, such as the inferior vena cava and aorta, can also be examined with ultrasound.


Abdominal ultrasound is a scanning technique used to image the interior of the abdomen. Like the X-ray, MRI, and CT scan, it has its place as a diagnostic tool. Ultrasound scans use high frequency sound waves to produce an image and do not expose the individual to radiation. The procedure is painless and safe.


The test is done in the ultrasound or radiology department. A conducting paste is applied to your abdomen while you are lying down. The transducer (a hand-held instrument) is then moved over your abdomen.


Physical examination. The doctor will feel the testicles for any sign of swelling, tenderness, or hardening. The doctor will also feel the abdomen, neck, upper chest, armpits, and groin for evidence of enlarged lymph nodes, which may indicate that a cancer has spread. The breasts and nipples will also be examined to look for growth, and the legs will be examined for swelling. Leg swelling can be from blood clots in veins in the legs, pelvis, or abdomen.


If cancer is found, other tests will be needed to determine the stage of the cancer and find out if it has spread to other parts of the body (see Stages). Usually, doctors recommend imaging tests of the abdomen, pelvis, and chest. Imaging tests show pictures of the inside of the body. Images of the brain or bones are not as common but may be needed for some patients. This can include patients who have cancer that has spread widely, those who have a type of non-seminoma called choriocarcinoma, and those who have very high tumor marker levels of AFP or beta-hCG (see above).


The soft tissues of the chest, abdomen, and the pelvis represent the most radiosensitive tissues, an important factor when considering that imaging wisely implies balancing cost and availability with using the most diagnostic test that minimizes or avoids exposure to the ionizing radiation from CT scanning. 041b061a72


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